Horizon 2020 - Basics
"Horizon2020" is the name the European Commission (EC) has given the €77 billion it will provide for support excellent science, industrial leadership, and societal challenges between 2014 and 2020. The ultimate aim of these funds is political: to support research and close to market and market activities to enhance the competitiveness of the EU, create jobs and solve other pressing issues. These funds are disbursed in two main ways: top down and bottom up.
Bottom Up Approach: European Research Council (ERC) and Marie Curie Individual Fellowships
The EC uses a "bottom up" funding approach to support "excellent science." Individual researchers (and their teams) can choose topics they want to obtain funding for. ERC and Marie Curie are best known "bottom up" funded EU Programmes, and those most relevant to Philipps-Universitaet Marburg researchers. For information on how these work (amounts, eligibility and evaluation criteria, restrictions, deadlines) see the Bottom Up Funding pages.
Top Down: Collaborative Research / Cooperation
The European Commission uses a "top down" funding approach to support collaborative Research to address societal challenges. As such, top down funding is more "political" than bottom up, as it ultimately also has to address current EC policy issues. International consortia respond to funding calls - contained in Work Packages - on a specific aspect of one of societal challenges the EC has identified as being of special importance. For Information on how these work (amounts, eligibility and Evaluation criteria, restrictions, Deadlines) see the Top Down Funding page.