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Bannergrafik (Neurobiologie)

AG Homberg - Prof. Dr. Uwe Homberg

schistocerca leucophaea

Unsere Arbeitsgruppe analysiert die anatomische, neurochemische, und funktionelle Organisation des Insektengehirns. Derzeitige Projekte untersuchen Anatomie und Funktion des Zentralkomplexes (Schistocerca gregaria), Mechanismen des Polarisationssehsystems und der Kompassorientierung (Schistocerca gregaria), neuronale Mechanismen circadianer Rhythmik (Schabe Leucophaea maderae), und die Verteilung von Neurotransmittern und Neuropeptiden (verschiedene Spezies).




Im Haus

Prof. Dr. Uwe Homberg
Philipps-Universität Marburg
Fachbereich Biologie - Neurobiologie/Ethologie
Karl-von-Frisch-Str. 8
35043 Marburg
Kern: C 0
Raumnummer: 0051
Sprechzeiten: Di. 9:00 - 11:30 Uhr


Email:    homberg[at]biologie.uni-marburg[dot]de
Telefon: +49 (0)6421 28-23402
Fax:      +49 (0)6421 28-28941


Publikationen (seit 2000)


Rosner R, von Hadeln J, Salden T, Homberg U (2017)
Anatomy of the lobula complex in the brain of the praying mantis compared to the lobula complexes of the locust and cockroach.
J Comp Neurol. 2017;525:2343-2357

Kinoshita M, Homberg U (2017)
Insect Brains: Minute Structures Controlling Complex Behaviors
In: Brain Evolution by Design, Diversity and Commonality in Animals
Edited by Shigeno S et al., Springer Japan KK 2017
DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-56469-0_6


Warrant E, Homberg U (2016)
Research Spotlight - Insect Polarization Vision: peripheral and central mechanisms.
In: Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems.
Edited by Schmidt-Rhaesa A, Harzsch S and Purschke G, Oxford University Press

Held M, Berz A, Hensgen R, Muenz TS, Scholl C, Rössler W, Homberg U, Pfeiffer K (2016)
Microglomerular synaptic complexes in the sky-compass network of the honeybee connect parallel pathways from the anterior optic tubercle to the central complex.
Front Behav. Neurosci 10: 186

Beetz MJ, Pfeiffer K, Homberg U (2016)
Neurons in the brain of the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria sensitive to polarized light at low Stimulus elevations.
J Comp Physiol A 202(11): 759-781


  • Bockhorst T, Homberg U (2015)
    Amplitude and dynamics of polarization-plane signaling in the central complex of the locust brain
    J Neurophysiol 113: 3291-3311
    PMID: 25609107

  • Beetz MJ, el Jundi B, Heinze S, Homberg U (2015)
    Topographic organization and possible function of the posterior optic tubercles in the brain of the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria
    J Comp Neurol 523:1589-1607
    PMID: 25557150

  • Schmeling F, Tegtmeier J, Kinoshita M, Homberg U (2015)
    Photoreceptor projections and receptive fields in the dorsal rim area and main retina of the locust eye
    J Comp Physiol A 201, 427-440
    PMID: 25715758
  • Kinoshita M, Shimohigasshi M, Tominaga Y, Arikawa K, Homberg U (2015)
    Topographically distinct visual and olfactory inputs to the mushroom body in the Swallowtail butterfly, Papilio xuthus
    J Comp Neurol 523, 162-182
    PMID: 25209173
  • Gellerer A, Franke A, Neupert S, Predel R, Zhou X, Liu S, Reiher W, Wegener C, Homberg U (2015)
    Identification and distribution of SIFamide in the nervous system of the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria
    J Comp Neurol 523, 108-125
    PMID: 25185792


  • Schmeling F, Wakakuwa M, Tegtmeier J, Kinoshita M, Bockhorst T, Arikawa K, Homberg U (2014)
    Opsin expression, physiological characterization and identification of photoreceptor cells in the dorsal rim area and main retina of the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria
    J Exp Biol 217, 3557-3568
    PMID: 25201687

  • Bech M, Homberg U, Pfeiffer K (2014)
    Receptive fields of locust brain neurons are matched to polarization patterns of the sky
    Curr Biol 24, 2124-2129
    PMID: 25201687

  • Ito K, Shinomiya K, Ito M, Armstrong JD, Boyan G, Hartenstein V, Harzsch S, Heisenberg M, Homberg U, Jenett A, Keshishian H, Restifo LL, Rössler W, Simpson JH, Strausfeld NJ, Strauss R, Vosshall LB (2014)
    A systematic nomenclature for the insect brain
    Neuron 81, 755-765


  • Rosner R, Homberg U. 2013
    Widespread Sensitivity to Looming Stimuli and Small Moving Objects in the Central Complex of an Insect Brain.
    J Neurosci 33(19):8122-8133
    PMID: 23658153
  • Homberg U, Seyfarth J, Binkle U, Monastirioti M, Alkema Mark J 2013
    Identification of Distinct Tyraminergic and Octopaminergic Neurons Innervating the Central Complex of the Desert Locust, Schistocerca gregaria.
    J Comp Neurol 521(9):2025-2041
    PMID: 23595814


  • Hamanaka Y, Kinoshita M, Homberg U, Arikawa K 2012
    Immunocytochemical localization of amines and GABA in the optic lobe of the butterfly, Papilio xuthus
    PLoS One 7(7):e41109
    PMID: 22844431

  • el Jundi B, Homberg U 2012
    Receptive field properties and intensity-response functions of polarization-sensitive neurons of the optic tubercle in gregarious and solitarious locusts
    J Neurophysiol 108: 1695-1710
    PMID: 22773775

  • Martínez-Harms J, Vorobyev M, Schorn J, Shmida A, Keasar T, Homberg U, Schmeling F, Menzel R 2012
    Evidence of red sensitive photoreceptors in Pygopleurus israelitus (Glaphyridae: Coleoptera) and its implications for beetle pollination in the southeast Mediterranean
    Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol. 198(6):451-63
    PMID: 22526111

  • Schulze J, Neupert S, Schmidt L, Predel R, Lamkemeyer T, Homberg U, Stengl M 2012
    Myoinhibitory peptides in the brain of the cockroach Leucopahaea maderae and colocalization with pigment-dispersing factor in circadian peacemaker cells
    J Comp Neurol 520:1078-1097
    PMID: 22095637


  • el Jundi B, Pfeiffer K, Homberg U 2011
    A distinct layer of the medulla integrates sky compass signals in the brain of an insect
    PLoS One 6(11); e27855
    PMID: 22114712

  • Träger, Homberg U 2011
    Polarization-sensitive descending neurons in the locust: connecting the brain to thoracic ganglia
    J Neurosci 31(6):2238-47
    PMID: 21307260

  • Kollmann M, Minoli S, Bonhomme J, Homberg U, Schachtner J, Tagu D, Anton S 2011
    Revisiting the anatomy of the central nervous system of a hemimetabolous model insect species: the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum
    Cell Tissue Res 343(2):343-55
    PMID: 21170552

  • Pfeiffer K, Negrello M, Homberg U 2011
    Conditional perception under stimulus ambiguity: Polarization- and azimuth-sensitive neurons in the locust brain are inhibited by low degrees of polarization
    J Neurophysiol 105(1):28-35
    PMID: 20962968


  • Wei H, el Jundi B, Homberg U, Stengl M 2010
    Implementation of pigment-dispersing factor-immunreactive neurons in a standardized atlas of the brain of the cockroach Leucophaea maderae
    J Comp Neurol 518:4113–4133
    PMID: 20878779

  • el Jundi B, Homberg U 2010
    Evidence for the possible existence of a second polarization vision pathway in the locust brain
    J Insect Physiol 56(8):971-979
    PMID: 20488187

  • Schmeling F, Stange G, Homberg U 2010
    Synchronization of wing beat cycle of the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria, by periodic light flashes
    J Comp Physiol [A] 196:199-211
    PMID: 20131057

  • el Jundi B, Heinze S, Kurylas A, Lenschow C, Rohlfing T, Homberg U 2010
    The locust standard brain: A 3D standard of the central complex as a platform for neural network analysis
    Front Syst Neurosci 3:21
    PMID: 20161763


  • Heinze S, Gotthardt S, Homberg U 2009
    Transformation of polarized light information in the central complex of the locust
    J Neurosci 29(38):11783-93
    PMID: 19776265

  • Siegl T, Schachtner J, Holstein G, Homberg U 2009
    No/cGMP signalling: L-Citrulline- and cGMP immunostaining in the central complex of the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria
    Cell Tissue Res 337(2):327-40
    PMID: 19506907

  • Heinze S, Homberg U 2009
    Linking the input to the output: new sets of neurons complement the polarization vision network in the locust central complex
    J Neurosci 29(15):4911-4921
    PMID: 19369560

  • Berg BG, Schachtner J, Homberg U 2009
    gamma-Aminobutyric acid immunostaining in the antennal lobe of the moth Heliothis virescens and its colocalization with neuropeptides
    Cell Tissue Res 335(3):593-605
    PMID: 19156440


  • Heinze S, Homberg U 2008
    Neuroarchitecture of the Central Complex of the Desert Locust: Intrinsic and Columnar Neurons
    J Comp Neurol 511:454-478
    PMID: 18837039   Abstract  full Article

  • Kurylas AE, Rohlfing T, Krofczik S, Jenett A, Homberg U 2008
    Standardized atlas of the brain of the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria
    Cell Tissue Res 333(1):125-145
    PMID: 18504618

  • Träger U, Wagner R, Bausenwein B, Homberg U 2008
    A Novel Type of Microglomerular Synaptic Complex in the Polarization Vision Pathway of the Locust Brain
    J Comp Neurol 506(2):288-300
    PMID: 18022957


  • Santos JG, Vömel M, Struck R, Homberg U, Nässel DR, Wegener C 2007
    Neuroarchitecture of peptidergic systems in the larval ventral ganglion of Drosophila melanogaster 
    PLoS ONE 2(8):e695
    download open access article
    PMID: 17668072

  • Pfeiffer K, Homberg U 2007
    Coding of Azimuthal Directions via Time-Compensated Combination of Celestial Compass Cues
    Curr Biol  17(11):960-5
    PMID: 17524646

  • Kinoshita M, Pfeiffer K, Homberg U 2007
    Spectral properties of identified polarized-light sensitive interneurons in the brain of the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria
    J Exp Biol 210:1350-61
    PMID: 17401118

  • Heinze S, Homberg U 2007
    Map-like Representation of Celestial E-vector Orientations in the Brain of an Insect
    Science 315(5814):995-997
    PMID: 17303756  Abstract  full Article

  • Berg BG, Schachtner J, Utz S, Homberg U 2007
    Distribution of neuropeptides in the primary olfactory centre of the heliothine moth Heliothis virescens
    Cell Tissue Res 327(2):385-98
    PMID: 17013588


  • Mappes M, Homberg U 2006
    Surgical lesion of the anterior optic tract abolishes polarotaxis in tethered flying locusts, Schistocerca gregaria
    J Comp Physiol [A] 193(1):43-50
    PMID: 16988831

  • Hofer S, Homberg U 2006
    Evidence for a role of orcokinin-related peptides in the circadian clock controlling locomotor activity of the cockroach Leucophaea maderae
    J Exp Biol 209(Pt 14):2794-803
    PMID: 16809470

  • Hofer S, Homberg U 2006
    Orcokinin immunoreactivity in the accessory medulla of the cockroach Leucophaea maderae
    Cell Tissue Res 325(3):589-600
    PMID: 16628411


  • Pfeiffer K, Kinoshita M, Homberg U 2005
    Polarization-sensitive and light-sensitive neurons in two parallel pathways passing through the anterior optic tubercle in the locust brain
    J Neurophysiol 94(6):3903-15
    PMID: 16049147

  • Hofer S, Dircksen H, Tollback P, Homberg U 2005
    Novel insect orcokinins: Characterization and neuronal distribution in the brains of selected dicondylian insects
    J Comp Neurol 490(1):57-71
    PMID: 16041719

  • Kurylas A, Ott SR, Schachtner J, Elphick MR, Williams L, Homberg U 2005
    Localisation of nitric oxide synthase in the central complex and surrounding midbrain neuropils of the locust Schistocerca gregaria.
    J Comp Neurol 484(2):206-23
    PMID: 15736229


  • Homberg U, Brandl C, Clynen E, Schoofs L, Veenstra JA 2004
    Mas-allatotropin/Lom-AG-myotropin I immunostaining in the brain of the locust, Schistocerca gregaria
    Cell Tissue Res 318(2):439-457
    PMID: 15480799

  • Gebhardt S, Homberg U 2004
    Immunocytochemistry of histamine in the brain of the locust Schistocerca gregaria
    Cell Tissue Res 317(2):195-205
    PMID: 15221442

  • Mappes M, Homberg U 2004
    Behavioral analysis of polarization vision in tethered flying locusts
    J Comp Physiol [A] 190:61-68
    PMID: 14648100


  • Homberg U, Hofer S, Pfeiffer K, Gebhardt S 2003
    Organization and neural connections of the anterior optic tubercle in the brain of the locust, Schistocerca gregaria
    J Comp Neurol 462:415-430
    PMID: 12811810


  • Homberg U, Paech A 2002
    Ultrastructure and orientation of ommatidia in the dorsal rim area of the locust compound eye
    Arthropod Struct Dev 30:271-280
    PMID: 18088961

  • Petri B, Homberg U, Loesel R, Stengl M 2002
    Evidence for a role of GABA and Mas-allatotropin in photic entrainment of the circadian clock of the cockroach Leucophaea maderae
    J Exp Biol 205(Pt 10):1459-1469
    PMID: 11976357

  • Vitzthum H, Müller M, Homberg U 2002
    Neurons of the central complex of the locust Schistocerca gregaria are sensitive to polarized light
    J Neurosci 22(3):1114-1125
    PMID: 11826140


  • Loesel R, Homberg U 2001
    Anatomy and physiology of neurons with processes in the accessory medulla of the cockroach Leucophaea maderae
    J Comp Neurol 439:193-207
    PMID: 11596048

  • Fleissner Ge, Loesel R, Fleissner Gü, Waterkamp M, Kleiner O, Batschauer A, Homberg U 2001
    Candidates for extraocular photoreceptors in the cockroach suggest homology to the lamina and lobula organs in beetles
    J Comp Neurol 433:401-414
    PMID: 11298364


  • Strausfeld NJ, Homberg U, Kloppenburg P 2000
    Parallel organization in honey bee mushroom bodies by peptidergic Kenyon cells
    J Comp Neurol 424:179-195
    PMID: 10888747


  • Pfeiffer K, Homberg U 2014
    Organization and functional roles of the central complex in the insect brain
    Annu. Rev. Entomol. 59:165-84


  • Homberg U, Heinze S, Pfeiffer K, Kinoshita M, el Jundi B 2011
    Central neural coding of sky polarization in insects
    Phil Trans R Soc B 366:680-687
    PMID: 21282171


  • Homberg U 2008
    Evolution of the central complex in the arthropod brain with respect to the visual system
    Arthropod Struct Dev 37(5):347-62
    PMID: 18502176


  • Nassel DR, Homberg U 2006
    Neuropeptides in interneurons of the insect brain
    Cell Tissue Res 326(1):1-24
    PMID: 16761145


  • Schachtner J, Schmidt M, Homberg U 2005
    Organization and evolutionary trends of primary olfactory brain centers in Tetraconata (Crustacea + Hexapoda)
    Arthropod Struct Dev 34:257-299


  • Homberg U, Hofer S, Mappes M, Vitzthum H, Pfeiffer K, Gebhardt S, Müller M, Paech A 2004
    Neurobiology of polarization vision in the locust Schistocerca gregaria
    Acta Biol Hung 55:81-89
    PMID: 15270221


  • Homberg U 2004
    In search of the sky compasss in the insect brain
    Naturwissenschaften 91:199-208
    PMID: 15146265


  • Homberg U, Reischig T, Stengl M 2003
    Neural organization of the circadian system of the cockroach Leucophaea maderae
    Chronobiol Int 20:577-590
    PMID: 12916714


  • Homberg U 2002
    Neurotransmitters and neuropeptides in the brain of the locust
    Microsc Res Tech 56:189-209
    PMID: 11810722


  • Helfrich-Förster C, Stengl M, Homberg U 1998
    Organization of the circadian system in insects
    Chronobiol Int 15:567-594
    PMID: 9844747


  • Homberg U 2005
    Multisensory processing in the insect brain
    In: TA Christensen (ed) Advances in Insect Sensory Neuroscience CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp3-25

  • Yack JE, Homberg U 2003
    Nervous system
    In: NP Kristensen (ed) Handbook of Zoology, Vol IV: Arthropoda: Insecta, Part 35: Lepidoptera, moths and butterflies, Vol 2: Morphology, physiology and development pp229-265

Zuletzt aktualisiert: 02.06.2017 · Mechthild Zissel

Fb. 17 - Biologie

AG Neurobiologie/Ethologie, Karl-von-Frisch-Straße 8, D-35043 Marburg
Tel. +49 6421/28-23402, Fax +49 6421/28-28941, E-Mail: Fb-17Biologie@uni-marburg.de

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