At the Faculty 06 of the Philipps-Universität Marburg (History and Cultural Sciences) the widest chronological range of historical subjects is represented, ranging from Prehistory to the most recent Modern History. As a result, the research interests of the Faculty are extremely broad.
In the Archaeological Section of the faculty economic questions, especially in connection with Celtic civilisation, are a tradtional research interest of the Department of Prehistory. Since the middle of the 1990s research into the high culture of the Hittites has been an area of especial attention and has proved extremely successful. Geoarchaeology—a recent development—brings together archaeological and geographical methodology in the context of common research questions and scientific objectives. Research in the Department of Classical Archaeology is concerned with the material remains of the ancient Greek and Roman world from the second millenium B.C. until the end of the ancient world in the sixth century A.D. Particular specialisations in Marburg are Greek and Roman architecture, ancient ceramics, the ancient theatre and cultural anthropology. In 1927 the so-called Marburg model brought the libraries of the departments of Art History, Christian Archaeology and Byzantine Art History, Classical Archaeology and Prehistory together in the Ernst von Hulsen-Haus, where they are still accommodated, in recognition of the close cooperation of these subjects.
In the History Section of the faculty the Department of Ancient History comprises political, social, cultural, and economic history of ancient cultures in the Mediterranean regions from the Near Eastern Empires to Late Antiquity and also includes reception studies. At the department of Marburg University, a focus is on the cultural contacts between the Ancient Near East and the Greek, Macedonian or Roman world as well as on the history of the Persian Teispid and Achaemenid Empire, Argead Macedonia and the Hellenistic Empires. Research in the Department of Mediaeval History is characterised by particular aspects of the Early, Middle and Late Middle Ages: the emergence of the Barbarian Kingdoms, the Papacy, city development, historiography and social history. In all these areas of research the Department of Mediaeval History has a long tradition which it still upholds. The department also possesses the documentary photo archive of older charters (before 1250), founded in 1929 by Edmund E.Stengel, which is the most important collection of high quality photographs of mediaeval documents in the world (around 15,000 charters from Germany and Switzerland are currently held).
The Department of Modern History is divided into two subsections, concerned respectively with Early Modern History and Later Modern History. In the section for Early Modern History the main research areas are the political and constitutional history of the Holy Roman Empire (together with its constituent territories, regions and cities), the history of the Reformation and of the confessional structure of central Europe. A further major area of research concerns the history of the state system and international relations within Europe in the early modern period. Later Modern History is particularly concerned with the development of modern international relations, the two World Wars, Communism, Fascism and National Socialism, the Cold War, as well as the history of institutions, the nobility and the military. The Department of Economic and Social History mainly deals with German and European Economic and Social History, concentrating on international economic relations and business history, focussing on the history of management, innovation, and marketing. A crucial point of research in economic, social and modern cultural history is also the history of consumption and consumerism.
In addition, close cooperation with the Hesse State Office for
Regional Historical Geography and History, which
researches the history of Hesse and other historical territories that
were once in the area of the modern state of Hesse, extends the
research capacity of the faculty into the area of modern regional