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AnthroLab: Vortrag über Ayahuasca-TouristInnen und ihr Verhältnis zum peruanischen "Vegetalismo"

Zwanzigster Vortrag des "Marburger AnthroLab"

Zeit: 19.04.2011 18:00 h
Ort: Fachgebiet Kultur- und Sozialanthropologie, Kugelhaus, Kugelgasse 10, 1. OG


Dr. des. Beatriz Caiuby Labate

Weitere Informationen:

"Diversification and internationalization of Peruvian ayahuasca vegetalismo"

This presentation analyzes the relationship of foreigners with Peruvian vegetalismo. It contemplates outsiders traveling to Peru in search of ayahuasca-consuming experiences, gringos who themselves became *curanderos* and Peruvian *ayahuasqueros* who travel to hold workshops for urban middle-class clients in Europe and the USA. The research does not focus on ayahuasca tourism linked to travel packages and sophisticated lodges in Iquitos but on retreat centers in Pucallpa where outsiders join ceremonies and plant diets, in search of altered states of consciousness, self-knowledge, healing, mystic experiences, contact with nature and with traditional cultures, or simply curiosity. Through the analysis of the trajectories and activities of various *curanderos*, including indigenous, poor mestizo, middle-class Peruvian, and gringos, the author charts the expansion, diversification, and internationalization of Peruvian vegetalismo. The presentation identifies the contours of transnational networks and circuits that promote the migration and flux of people and "sacred technologies". These articulated techniques and knowledges are progressively formalized and institutionalized, representing a hybridism between shamanism, science and service. It is argued that this phenomenon should not be understood as merely commoditization of indigenous spirituality, or neocolonism, but as a product of deliberate local strategies to adapt to changing socio-economic conditions. The negotiations between the world of the gringos and their expectations and the local traditions (where sorcery plays a central role) are done under different hierarchical conditions, and frequently involve tensions. Creative translations are performed on both sides. The foreign references are dynamically incorporated and reappropriated under the logic of vegetalismo. In this sense, it could be said that the current modifications introduced in Peruvian vegetalismo represent some sort of continuity with its historical process of formation and original synthesis between different indigenous ethnic traditions and Christian elements. In any case, it is no longer possible to consider the local formation of the *curanderos* apart from their interactions with foreigners, or these articulations between the local and the global.

Dr. des. Beatriz Caiuby Labate
Institut für Medizinische Psychologie/Universität Heidelberg

Weitere Informationen zum Marburger AnthroLab finden sie hier


IVK - Kultur- und Sozialanthropologie

Zuletzt aktualisiert: 04.04.2011 · leutnerf

Fb. 03 - Gesellschaftswissenschaften und Philosophie

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