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Preprints

  • 164. J. Hagel, S. Brem, E. Malic, "Electrical tuning of moiré excitons in MoSe2 bilayers", arXiv: 2207.01890

    Recent advances in the field of vertically stacked 2D materials have revealed a rich exciton landscape. In particular, it has been demonstrated that out-of-plane electrical fields can be used to tune the spectral position of spatially separated interlayer excitons. Other studies have shown that there is a strong hybridization of exciton states, resulting from the mixing of electronic states in both layers. However, the connection between the twist-angle dependent hybridization and field-induced energy shifts has remained in the dark. Here, we investigate on a microscopic footing the interplay of electrical and twist-angle tuning of moiré excitons in MoSe2 homobilayers. We reveal distinct energy regions in PL spectra that are clearly dominated by either intralayer or interlayer excitons, or even dark excitons. Consequently, we predict twist-angle-dependent critical electrical fields at which the material is being transformed from a direct into an indirect semiconductor. Our work provides new microscopic insights into experimentally accessible knobs to significantly tune the moiré exciton physics in atomically thin nanomaterials.

    arXiv: 2207.01890

  • 163. C. Linderälv, J. Hagel, S. Brem, E. Malic, P. Erhart, "The moiré potential in twisted transition metal dichalcogenide bilayers", arXiv: 2205.15616

    Moiré superlattices serve as a playground for emerging phenomena, such as localization of band states, superconductivity, and localization of excitons. These superlattices are large and are often modeled in the zero-angle limit, which obscures the effect of finite twist angles. Here, by means of first-principles calculations we quantify the twist-angle dependence of the moiré potential in the MoS homobilayer and identify the contributions from the constituent elements of the moiré potential. Furthermore, by considering the zero-angle limit configurations, we show that the moiré potential is rather homogeneous across the transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) and briefly discuss the separate effects of potential shifts and hybridization on the bilayer hybrid excitons. We find that the moiré potential in TMDs exhibits both an electrostatic component and a hybridization component, which are intertwined and have different relative strengths in different parts of the Brillouin zone. The electrostatic component of the moiré potential is a varying dipole field, which has a strong twist angle dependence. In some cases, the hybridization component can be interpreted as a tunneling rate but the interpretation is not generally applicable over the full Brillouin zone.

    arXiv: 2205.15616

  • 162. J. J. P. Thompson, V. Lumsargis, M. Feierabend, Q. Zhao, K. Wang, L. Dou, L. Huang, E. Malic, "Interlayer exciton landscape in WS2/tetracene heterostructures", arXiv: 2111.12400

    The vertical stacking of two-dimensional materials into heterostructures gives rise to a plethora of intriguing optoelectronic properties and presents an unprecedented potential for technological concepts. While much progress has been made combining different monolayers of transition metal dichalgonenides (TMDs), little is known about TMD-based heterostructures including organic layers of molecules. Here, we present a joint theory-experiment study on a TMD/tetracene heterostructure demonstrating clear signatures of spatially separated interlayer excitons in low temperature photoluminescence spectra. Here, the Coulomb-bound electrons and holes are localized either in the TMD or in the molecule layer, respectively. In particular, we reveal both in theory and experiment that at cryogenic temperatures, signatures of momentum-dark interlayer excitons emerge. Our findings shed light on the microscopic nature of interlayer excitons in TMD/molecule heterostructures and could have important implications for technological applications of these materials.

    arXiv:2111.12400