Neuerscheinungen und aktuelle Veröffentlichungen der Marburger Islamwissenschaft
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Pierre Hecker (2018): Islam. The Meaning of Style, in: Sociology of Islam, Band 6, Ausgabe 1.
The title of this paper is a reference to Dick Hebdige’s famous book Subculture. The Meaning of Style, which was published in 1979 and became one of the most influential works to emerge from the legendary Birmingham Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies (cccs). Hebdige’s study explores the subversive implications of style in post-war British subcultures. The purpose of the following article is to apply his ideas on subculture and style to the discourse on fashion and Islam, with a particular focus on the debate over “modest fashion” in Turkey. Hebdige’s approach will be utilized here principally in order to explore the representation of Islam in fashion and to critically reflect upon the ideological dimensions of “modest fashion”. The present author argues that “modest fashion”, as represented in everyday dress, fashion and lifestyle magazines, advertisements, and fashion shows, is exemplary of the breakdown of consensus among pious Muslims in present-day Turkish society. Furthermore, this article aims to strengthen and reflect upon the use of semiotics in the field of Islamic studies. It draws on data collected during the first international Istanbul Modest Fashion Week held in Istanbul’s historic Haydarpaşa Train Station on 13 and 14 May 2016, as well as on journal articles, media contributions, fashion advertisements, and interviews conducted by the author with fashion designers, influencers, and the organizers of the Istanbul Modest Fashion Week.
Pierre Hecker, Igor Johannsen (eds.) (2017): Culture, Middle East – Topics & Arguments (META), Vol 7.
META’s special issue on Culture critically engages with the various, often contradictory concepts of culture as used in the fields of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies. The authors revisit different conceptualizations of the term, thereby envisaging a dialogue between the theoretical and empirical dimensions of doing research on culture. The contributions brought together in this issue accordingly not only elaborate on the specific theoretical understanding of culture, but also on its analytical applicability in different national and political contexts.
Albrecht Fuess (2017): Legitimacy through female lineage? The Role of in-Laws (aṣhār) in the Royal Mamluk Households of the Fifteenth Century, in: Eurasian Studies 15.
Presently, the role of in-law relationships in the Middle Eastern historical context has been understudied, even as it is known that high officials could bolster their political prestige and claim to power by marrying or being married to a royal princess. This is especially true in the Mamluk context of the fifteenth century, when it became impossible for sons of reigning sultans to succeed their fathers. These sons were only allowed to ascend the throne for short periods as mere placeholders, as the effective successors who replaced their fathers were usually drawn from among the membership of the inner circle of the Mamluk military elite. Their marker of identity was that they had been imported as young slave boys from regions to the north of the Black Sea or the Caucasian region. Because there were no direct dynastic ties present, a new Mamluk sultan would create a family bond to the old sultan and bolster his legitimacy by becoming his in-law. The following article will therefore look at the process of becoming an in-law at the Mamluk court and the possible consequences of a royal wedding in terms of transmission of legitimacy.
Anthony Quickel (2017): Making Tools for Transmission: Mamluk and Ottoman Cairo’s Papermakers, Copyists, and Booksellers, in: Eurasian Studies 15(2), 304-319.
A growing body of scholarship regarding the nature of book production and ownership has greatly aided in advancing understandings of the intellectual and cultural history of the Middle East. The majority of these studies, however, focuses on the technical and art historical aspects of book production. This article seeks to take such scholarship a step further and explore the nature of the actual places where books were obtained in Mamluk and Ottoman Cairo. Using chronicles and annalistic sources, it will show that the traditionally understood paper markets had a far more extensive role in book production. Furthermore, the article will show that multiple centers in medieval Cairo were engaged in various tasks related to the creation of texts. A discussion of the extant corpus of secondary literature will be offered on the basis of these conclusions.
Albrecht Fuess, Stefan Weninger (eds.) (2017): A Life with the Prophet? Examining Hadith, Sira and Qur’an. In Honor of Wim Raven, Berlin: EB Verlag.
The present study presents a comprehensive insight into actual trends in academia in Arabic literature and Islamic studies. In this respect, the contributions pay tribute to Wim Raven, an outstanding scholar of early Arabic literature and the formative period of Islam and someone who always had new and surprising twists and turns in his research and scholarly productions. The same holds true with the papers presented here. Robert Hoyland presents us with his reasoning about the origin of the term “aʿjamī language” in the Qur’an. Was this really a “non-Arab” tongue as later tradition would have it, or would it be better to classify it as a “North-Arabian” dialect? Anna Akasoy deals with “chick lit” in the Hijaz and the modern image of Aisha as Muslim role Model. Remke Kruk looks at famous warrior women in pre-Islamic literature and their relation to the forthcoming Prophet Mohammed. Jan Just Witkam provides us with the story (Arabic edition and English translation) of a young man setting out from Damascus, travelling further north looking for adventures, fighting monsters, losing his wife, marrying a second one, then a third one, only to find out that she can transform into a gazelle: Indeed, this story has it all! And it provides a good insight in Early Islamic Story telling. Finally, Hans Daiber explains how the thinking of Aristotel’s Organon became included and modified in Ibn al-Muqaffaʿs (d. 140/757) Kitāb al-Adab al-kabīr (Great Book of the Rules of Conduct). Central themes of his contributions are the pursuit of knowledge, wisdom, virtue and friendship as motors for human behavior.
Albrecht Fuess (2017): How to marry right: Searching for a royal spouse at the Mamluk court of Cairo in the fifteenth century, in: DYNTRAN Working Papers, n° 21, online edition, February.
“Whoever does not marry an Egyptian woman, says Imam al-Shafi‘i, will never obtain the full wisdom” (Abdar-Raziq 1973, 123). This saying introduces the topic of the current paper well as choosing a spouse will always have direct consequences, in this case it is meant that whoever does not choose an Egyptian will stay somehow dumb unless he divorces and corrects his error. In other cases choosing a non-fitting spouse might have worse consequences for the couple and their families, the Mamluk royal households were no exception to this.
Albrecht Fuess (2017): "The War of First Names". Music and Islam in France, in: Recontextualizing Resistance, hrsg. von Loubna Youssef und Emily Golson, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, S. 312-325, ISBN (10): 1-5275-0012-8.
„The following essay will shed light on the phenomenon of the Islamization of the French music of Muslim migrants in French banlieue in recent decades. It should be noted that this Islamization is not to be found in music alone. It reflects the general tendency in European countries to Islamisize the discourse about Muslim migration and integration.“