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Third party funded projects

Bale Mountains C1 2016

Project administration of the DFG Bale research unit

Core project of the DFG research unit 2358: The Mountain Exile Hypothesis: How humans benefited from and re-shaped African high altitude ecosystems during Quaternary climate changes

  • Applicants: Georg Miehe, Thomas Nauss, Lars Opgenoorth
  • Participating partner: other contributing project PIs
  • Funding: 2016-2019, German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Project staff: n/a (announcement running)
  • Web: n/a

High altitude ecosystems are still widely perceived as natural and anthropogenic transformation is generally considered to be concentrated on lower elevations and late. However, recent studies challenge this view and for quaternary environmental science and prehistory, the question where humans retreated to during the driest intervals of the last 20 ka when lowlands may have become uninhabitable is still demanding. Based on previous own and third-party research and a total of four reconnaissances to the study area as part of the preparation of this research unit, we challenge the initially stated long-held belief. Given the higher humidity of the African mountains archipelago, the afro-alpine environments are a potential glacial refuge not only for plants and animals, but also for humans. Among others, this idea is backed up by the facts that As a consequence, we postulate not a late but early afro-alpine occupation expressed as the “Mountain Exile Hypothesis”. Hence, the research unit will focus on reconstructing the natural and the anthropogenic history of this afro-alpine environment in space and time and the identification and quantification of the natural and anthropogenic drivers and processes that shaped the ecology evolution of the research area.


 
Bale Mountains C2 2016

Central scientific services

Core project of the DFG research unit 2358: The Mountain Exile Hypothesis: How humans benefited from and re-shaped African high altitude ecosystems during Quaternary climate changes

  • Applicants: Thomas Nauss, Georg Miehe, Lars Opgenoorth
  • Participating partner: other contributing project PIs
  • Funding: 2016-2019, German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Project staff: n/a (announcement running)
  • Web: n/a

The major tasks of this core project cover (i) the management of the overall data storage and exchange which will also ensure a sustainable usability of the collected data sets after the project phase and the (ii) promotion of both advanced within project analysis and across-project synthesis through the compilation of higher-level comprehensive data sets and the development and implementation of analysis workflows. In addition, the project will coordinate the coring field activities and related laboratory analysis. Guided by scientific rationality, the labor and financial resources will be used to efficiently combine existing and new, offline and online solutions in order to get things done and to ensure a sustainable contribution to the present landscape of DFG-funded data service projects.


 
ProPraxis 2015

Teacher student education from a Geographical science perspective

Contributing project of the BMBF programm ProPraxis: Teacher education at Marburg - professional, practical, right

  • Applicants: Thomas Nauss, Carina Peter and many others from different subjects
  • Participating partner: n/a
  • Funding: 2015-2018, German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
  • Project staff: Kerstin Anthes
  • Web: ProPraxis@Uni-Marburg

Geography lessons must be connected with scientific knowledge and the justified professional perspective on subjects of instruction and not with common knowledge. We postulate that the knowledge of subject-specific development modes can assist student teachers in the analysis of scientific contents which in turn form the basis for the modelling of teaching subjects which reflect the root of the scientific problem. As part of the BMBF- funded project "Qualitätsoffensive Lehrerbildung" the aim is to obtain empirical data and information about how development modes can help to structure and analyse subject contents and how formal modelling approaches can translate these subject contents into subjects of instruction. The results shall contribute to the teacher professionalization at universities.


 
Instrumentation and Remote Sensing 2014-2017

Instrumentation and remote sensing

Core project of the DFG priority programm 1374: Exploratories for large-scale and long-term functional biodiversity research

The core project "Instrumentation and remote sensing" is responsible for both (i) the provision of systematic and large-scale measurements and recordings of meteorological and pedological parameters in all exploratories and (ii) the provision of remote sensing based, area wide information on the land cover and land use. Similar to the existing instrumentation infrastructure, a central archive of remote sensing products will be set up.


 
IDESSA 2014

Satellite-based quasi-continuous monitoring of ecosystem dynamics in South African savannas

Contributing project as part of an integrative decision support system for sustainable rangeland management in southern African savannas (IDESSA)

  • Applicants: Thomas Nauss
  • Participating partner: Kerstin Wiegand, Katrin M. Meyer (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen), Bernhard Seeger (Philipps-Universität Marburg), David Ward (University of KwaZulu-Natal), Klaus Kellner (North-West University)
  • Funding: 2014-2017, German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
  • Project staff: Hanna Meyer, Felix Stäps
  • Web: idessa.org

The project establishes a high-resolution, satellite-based monitoring system for past and present atmospheric (precipitation and temperature) and land-cover parameters (woody density), which are relevant for assessing the status of savanna rangelands in the context of IDESSA. The monitoring system will be based on an eco-climatological approach that links operational, multi-source remote-sensing data with in-situ observations using machine learning approaches. The developed models operationally generate time series of climate and woody densities across the study area, which will be implemented into the integrative database and will serve the rangeland model as a baseline for short-term scenario computations.


 
BIS-Fogo 2014

Biodiversity information system FOGO (Cape Verde)

Contributing project as part of the DAAD bundle on establishing a biodiversity information system and corresponding school curricular for FOGO

  • Applicants: Detlef Kanwischer, Thomas Naus
  • Participating partner: Corrine Almeida, Maria Estrela
  • Funding: 2014-2017, German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Project staff: David Burger
  • Web: bisfogo.environmentalinformatics-marburg.de

BIS-Fogo encompasses two major domains: (i) an integrative biodiversity data and analysis system for which biodiversity data is collected in the field and by remote sensing and the data sets are included in an integrative and collaborative data base and analysis system as a one stop information recourse for the general public and decision makers and (ii) a learning resource system for which the information system component is complemented by educational resources providing self-learning modules from elementary to university level for selected topics on biodiversity, digital geomedia and citizenship.


 
Ecological Climatology and Remote Sensing 2013

Ecological climatology and remote sensing at Mt. Kilimanjaro

Contributing project of the DFG research unit 1246: Kilimanjaro ecosystems under global change

  • Applicants: Thomas Nauss, Tim Appelhans
  • Participating partner: Jörg Bendix, Leendert A. (Sampurno) Bruijnzeel, Andreas Hemp, Mark Mulligan, Bernhard Seeger
  • Funding: 2013-2016, German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Project staff: Florian Detsch, Insa Otte, Ephraim Mwangomo
  • Web: kilimanjaro.biozentrum.uni-wuerzburg.de

With respect to the importance of the atmospheric water budget for the Kilimanjaro ecosystem and the mutual potential feedbacks between climate and ecosystem change, this project focuses on the remote sensing supported analysis of the state and change of ecoclimatological dynamics as a function of ecosystem disturbances along the elevation gradient from the savannah to the Helichrysum zone. The main objectives encompass (i) the measurement and analysis of baseline meteorological information for the characterization of the research plots and the local climate dynamics, (ii) the quantification and analysis of the atmospheric water budget with a special focus on rainfall, fog and evapotranspiration dynamics along the elevation and disturbance gradients and (iii) the remote sensing based prediction of ecosystem properties and biodiversity patterns using high resolution optical satellite data and aerial LIDAR information.


 
Data base 2013

Central database and data synthesis of the research unit Kilimanjaro

Core project of the DFG research unit 1246: Kilimanjaro ecosystems under global change

  • Applicants: Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter, Thomas Naus
  • Participating partner: Andreas Hemp, Markus Fischer, Thomas Nauß, Katrin Böhning-Gaese
  • Funding: 2013-2016, German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Project staff: Jie Zhang, Marcell Peters
  • Web: kilimanjaro.biozentrum.uni-wuerzburg.de

Data documentation, storage in a central database, continuous information exchange, scientific coordination and interdisciplinary data synthesis are essential components for the success and synergistic value of collaborative projects. The central project Z2 aims at implementing a central database, at establishing a web-based communication platform, at coordinating the scientific implementation of the general study design and at actively fostering the integrative analysis and publication of data to reach the overall goals of the Research Unit. In accordance with current DFG regulations, data and metadata stored in the Ecological Metadata Language (EML) will ensure long-term public accessibility of results. Advantages of existing database systems and communication platforms will be combined and tailored to fit the requirements of the proposed research unit.


 
Myanmar 2012

Biodiversity transect studies of Mt. Victoria (Natma Taung national park, Myanmar)

Contributing project as part of the DFG bundle on island biogeography of apline biota in the southeast Himalayan biodiversity hotspot

  • Applicants: Jürgen Kluge, Georg Miehe, Thomas Naus
  • Participating partner: U Aye Myint Maung (Director General, Forest Department, Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry), Win Naing Thaw (Director, Nature and Wildlife Conservation Division, Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry)
  • Funding: 2012-2016, German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Project staff: Phyo Kay Kine
  • Web: n/a

Mt. Victoria is presumably an Ice Age refuge and one of the southermost isolated Holarctic mountain islands ranging from 400 to 3,050 m asl. The study area is located within the Natma Taung national park, Chin state, Myanmar. Presenting a little known nieche for Himalayan plants, the hotspot is one of the most promising research sites for Quaternary Biogeography to unveil the evolution of the archipelago of Holarctic alpine biota in the Palaeotropic southeast Asian lowland forest. The project  is a kick-off initiative for a long-term research program in the mountain archipelago of alpine biota in the southeast Himalayan periphery of Myanmar. The project intends to provide the foundations for future mountain ecology and functional biodiversity research in the only biodiversity hotspot of the Holarctic floristic domain.


 

Bonus tracks

IRAN 2015

Integrated R-based Analysis of the Natural environment

Start-up project with no external funding

Free open-source data is ubiquitous (it is everywhere). In addition, recent availability of free and open analytic software such as R and numPy – and many others – means that everyone can do state-of-the-art science by just knowing the basics and letting imagination and curiosity guide the rest. This site is dedicated to all those interested in studying the climate of Iran – and with a little tweaking of the source code – the surrounding countries, using R and freely available climate and remote sensing datasets.


 

Closed projects

Instrumentation 2011

Instrumentation

Core project of the DFG priority programm 1374: Exploratories for large-scale and long-term functional biodiversity research

  • PIs: Thomas Nauss, Markus Fischer
  • Participating partner: n/a
  • Funding:  2011-2014, German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Project staff: Falk Hänsel, Insa Otte
  • Web: biodiversity-exploratories.de

The project maintains 300 climate stations distributed across the three biodiversity exploratories (biosphere reserve Schorfheide-Chorin, national park Hainich, biosphere reserve Schwäbische Alb, all Germany) and provides analyzed climate information for the project.


 
Environmental Change 2010

Impacts of environmental change on climate and ecosystem in southern Ecuador

Contributing project of the DFG research unit 816: Biodiversity and sustainable management of a megadiverse mountain ecosystem in south Ecuador

  • PIs: Jörg Bendix, Thomas Nauss
  • Participating partner: n/a
  • Funding:  2010-2014, German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Project staff: Rütger Rollenbeck, Jens Stohl
  • Web: tropicalmountainforest.org

The main aim of the proposal at hand is (i) to unveil the impacts of climate and land use change on the regional climate of the ecosystem platform, (ii) to examine effects of climate change on biodiversity for selected organismic groups by testing two different approaches, (iii) to investigate atmospheric nutrient deposition from remote sources in the framework of the NUMEX experiment as well as its future development under environmental change, and (iv) to support the research unit by providing data on vegetation activity based on remotely sensed data.


 
Data warehouse 2010

Data warehouse

Core project of the DFG research unit 816: Biodiversity and sustainable management of a megadiverse mountain ecosystem in south Ecuador

  • PIs: Jörg Bendix, Thomas Nauss
  • Participating partner: n/a
  • Funding:  2010-2014, German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Project staff: Thomas Lotz
  • Web: tropicalmountainforest.org

The overall objective of the proposal is the continuous provision of central data services to the DFG research unit 816. Based on our conceptual design and technical implementation of the research unit"s data warehouse (FOR816dw) which is already operational since the very beginning of phase one, further enhancements especially related to the powerful web-interfaces for data upload, query, download and visualization have been incorporated during the second phase. The FOR816dw system ensures that administrative and scientific datasets and corresponding meta-information are safely stored and long-term accessible at a single location. It also forms the centre of the overall integration concept of the research unit. Beside this computer-science services, the subproject acts as main help desk for all other subprojects.


 
Climatoloy 2010

Climate Dynamics of the Kilimanjaro Region

Contributing project of the DFG research unit 1246: Kilimanjaro ecosystems under global change

  • Applicants: Thomas Nauss, Jörg Bendix
  • Participating partner: Andreas Hemp
  • Funding: 2010-2013, German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Project staff: Tim Appelhans, Ephraim Mwangomo
  • Web: kilimanjaro.biozentrum.uni-wuerzburg.de

With respect to the importance of the atmospheric water budget for the Kilimanjaro ecosystem and the mutual potential feedbacks between climate and ecosystem change, this project focuses on the remote sensing supported analysis of the state and change of ecoclimatological dynamics as a function of ecosystem disturbances along the elevation gradient from the savannah to the Helichrysum zone.


 
Remote Sensing 2009

Satellite supported generation of area wide climate and vegetation datasets

Contributing project of the DFG priority programm 1374: Exploratories for large-scale and long-term functional biodiversity research

  • PIs: Thomas Nauss, Jörg Bendix
  • Participating partner: n/a
  • Funding:  2009-2011, German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Project staff: Meike Kühnlein
  • Web: biodiversity-exploratories.de
Satellite supported generation of area wide climate and vegetation datasets for an integrative analysis of ecosystem biodiversity relationships on grassland areas.

 
Central data services 2007

Central data services and SVAT modelling

Core project of the DFG research unit 816: Biodiversity and sustainable management of a megadiverse mountain ecosystem in south Ecuador

  • PIs: Thomas Nauss, Jörg Bendix
  • Participating partner: n/a
  • Funding:  2007-2011, German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • Project staff: Dietrich Göttlicher
  • Web: tropicalmountainforest.org

The overall objective of the proposal is the continuous provision of central data services to the DFG research unit 816. Based on our conceptual design and technical implementation of the research unit"s data warehouse (FOR816dw) which is already operational since the very beginning of phase one, further enhancements especially related to the powerful web-interfaces for data upload, query, download and visualization have been incorporated during the second phase. The FOR816dw system ensures that administrative and scientific datasets and corresponding meta-information are safely stored and long-term accessible at a single location. It also forms the centre of the overall integration concept of the research unit. Beside this computer-science services, the subproject acts as main help desk for all other subprojects.


 

Zuletzt aktualisiert: 06.06.2016 · Forteva Spaska, Geographie

 
 
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